If you’ve missed the first part, you can find it here.
Break Bulk and Out of Gauge for XXL cargo
Sometimes, the various types of dry and reefer containers are not the right size or shape for a cargo, in which case CMA CGM offers tailor-made solutions for XXL items. These fall into two categories:
Out of Gauge (OOG)
Out of Gauge (OOG) is when a cargo’s size exceeds the height, width and length of a standard container. Although we still use part of the structure of a container, it can no longer be described as a “box”. Here are two examples of container types used for OOG transports:
- IOpen top containers: for very tall items, or cargo that has to be discharged from above, as is often the case with industrial or machinery parts.
- Flat Rack: has no roof or side walls, but does have end walls with lashing points so the cargo can be moved by crane. We can use Flat Racks for items that are too high and too wide, like these statues of David! (above)
And if out of gauge doesn’t fit the bill, there is another form of XXL transport.
Break bulk is when a container, whether or not it is modified, is not enough. It’s the solution used for over-sized cargo. In effect, CMA CGM will “containerise” the space for it by laying a bed of Flat Racks and Platforms on top of standard containers, and then lash the cargo to them to create what looks like a giant pen.
With this method, there is almost no limit to the size of cargo that can be carried. In 2011, CMA CGM loaded a ship’s superstructure weighing 450 tonnes that measured 32 metres long and 22 metres high.
And yes, not all cargo travels in conveniently separate pieces! The train carriage you go to work on, the yacht you see out at sea, that digger on the building site you pass every day, etc. Sometimes these giants travel in one piece aboard container ships!
Discover the specialized transports in pictures
As you can see, there is almost no limit to what a huge container ship can carry ! Still, there is one last kind of merchandize that needs its own solution.
Sensitive cargo: what are the solutions?
What are sensitive or dangerous goods? They are articles or materials that have to be transported and/or handled according to very specific regulations. These are everyday’s life products such as paint, battery, leather, alcohol, etc.
Every day, a wide variety of dangerous goods are being transported across the globe, the majority of which (80%) are for industrial use. Containers on vessels that are at sea for several weeks are subject to movement and constant changes in temperature, which is why safety provisions have to be in place.
CMA CGM is rigorous in its approach to safety and security, providing solutions adapted to the type of goods being transported. The Group complies with regulations and strict benchmarks (ISM Code, SOLAS Regulation, MARPOL Convention, French Vessel safety rules, International Maritime Organisation, etc.) ensuring optimum conditions for the goods carried, the people involved and the environment.